Vertigo effect for the first time, the famous director Alfred Hitchcock‘Fame vertigo In the film; It was used in 1958 to increase the power of tense scenes and support the atmosphere. This effect (also called Hitchcock Zoom), which was named after the film, was used by many famous directors since 1958.
Vertigo effectWhile keeping the center of the subject in the frame, the front, back and adjacent subjects of the subject change due to the rapid focus change. This change creates a disturbing, different effect that disrupts the visual perception. This effect, the vertigo effect is done in 2 different ways, but before looking at the different applications, let’s look at how the vertigo effect is made.
Application of Vertigo Technique
To create the Vertigo effect, we need two equipment. One of these equipment is Dolly or the carriage, which will allow the camera to slide over. The second one is a lens that can zoom in and out. The first way to create the Vertigo effect; The camera is to zoom out with the lens while moving forward on the carriage. The second way is the opposite; The camera is to zoom in with the lens as it moves backwards on the carriage. This is the most important element that we should pay attention to in both combinations; if the camera is moving forward, the zoom back should be in the form of zooming in if the camera is moving back.
Although making the Vertigo effect seems easy in today’s conditions, it was quite difficult and expensive to perform this movement with very large cinema cameras in the 50s. Alfred Hitchcock says in an interview:
One night I was overly drunk, I had a feeling that everything was away from me. With this feeling, I wanted to explain the situation in which Rebecca also appeared during the shooting of the movie Vertigo. As a result of my long trials with the director of photography, we realized that we can visualize this feeling by optic scrolling with dolly. When I asked how much it would cost, they told me it would cost $ 50,000.
Nowadays, the cameras are getting smaller and cheaper, so you don’t have to spend a lot of money to do the vertigo movement. Put your camera on the slider, adjust your zoom lens, determine the sharpness points at the beginning and end of the movement to prevent the movement from shifting, and take action. You can easily realize this effect in short movie, vlog or clip shooting as we explained.
In a scene of the Goodfellas movie you saw at the top, director Martin Scorsese used the vertigo effect to explain that while two characters were sitting at a table, a lot of their destiny in the world had changed, but those two characters had no idea about what happened.
Zoom In-Out Technique
The Vertigo effect is used not only in video and cinema, but also in photography. We can say that this technique, called zoom in-out, is a photographic state of the vertigo effect. In this effect, unlike vertigo, you do not need a dolly or a carriage and you have a zoom lens. In order to achieve this effect, we put our camera in manual mode and slow down the shutter time, such as half a second or a second will suffice. Then we press the shutter to take the picture. As soon as we press the shutter, we turn the zoom ring of our lens to move forward or backward. Since our shutter speed is relatively long, this motion with our lens creates an effect similar to the vertigo effect in the photo.